By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.
A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few entire descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The advanced tonology of Eton is thoroughly analysed and awarded in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain music of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists might be particularly drawn to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a couple of logically self sufficient phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate worthy analyses of, between others, gender and contract; annoying, point, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they're going to stumble upon many morphosyntactic variations among Eton and the higher recognized japanese and Southern Bantu languages, usually as a result of evolutions formed by way of maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and intricate structures supply facts not often present in assets at the languages of the quarter, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Eton (Mouton Grammar Library)
Kwâzgì/ ࣰ [àkwâȜgì] ‘he coughed’ (10) a. b. c. d. e. e. as a prefix consonant it occurs only before vowelinitial morphological stems. 11. The discourse particle vÞ( ڟmore or less translatable as ‘so’ in English) has a free variant ȜÞڟ. Elsewhere, [Ȝ] only exists as an allophone of /z/. 3. Palatalisation of /w/ The labiovelar approximant /w/ is realised as a labiopalatal approximant [Ȣ] before /i/ and/or after the palatal nasal /͟/. (11) a. /Ųڮswɤ/ ࣰ [ŲڮsȢɤ] ‘ash’ b. 4. Labio-dentalisation of /m/ The bilabial nasal /m/ is realised as [̼] before /v/.
Onsetless syllables never have a coda. As has been said, many consonants can appear in the onset of prominent syllables only. Double branching onsets are equally restricted to prominent syllables. There are light syllables and heavy syllables, no super heavy syllables. That is, a syllable cannot have a phonologically long vowel and a coda. The onset, however complex, does not add to the weight of the syllable. 2. Weight units & basic syllabification The minimal element on the rhythmical tier is the weight unit, symbolised as x.
B /͡ۅm/ __ C[labiovelar] |Ͱڮ-kۅpŲڟl| ࣰ /͡ۅmڮkۅpŲڟl/ ‘grilled’ |Ͱڮ-w$z| ࣰ /͡ۅmڮw$z/ ‘shrimp’ e. 2. 1. |B| (23) a. |B| B /m/ Ͱ __ ࣰ |Ͱڮ-Bù͡| /mڮmù͡/ ‘manioc tuber’ Morphophonology b. 2. |V| (24) a. |V| B /m/ Ͱ __ ࣰ /mڮmwág/ ‘one’ (III)13 |Ͱڮ-VÞڟg| b. 3. |ʺ| (25) a. |ʺ| B /͟/ Ͱ __ ࣰ |Ͱڮ-ʺám| b. 4. |֝| (26) a. |֝| B /n/ Ͱ __ ࣰ |Ͱڮ-֝á͡| b. 5. |S| (27) a. |S| B /ҷ/ Ͱ __ ࣰ |Ͱڮ-SÞ|͡ڮ b. 6. |vۅj| (28) a. )’ |Ͱڮ-vۅj$m| b. )’ |mì-vۅj$n| ࣰ 13.
A Grammar of Eton (Mouton Grammar Library) by Van de Velde, Mark L.O.