Read e-book online A Short History of Finland PDF

By Fred Singleton

ISBN-10: 0521640695

ISBN-13: 9780521640695

This can be a moment variation of the profitable research of Finland within the English language. a brief background of Finland strains the ancient improvement of the rustic from its cost through the Finns within the first millennium advert to the current time, exploring Finland's prior reference to Sweden, the complicated dating with Russia that has ruled Finnish heritage some time past centuries, and the postwar achievements of the second one republic. This moment variation has been revised and up to date by way of Emeritus Professor A. F. Upton, a number one student of Scandinavian historical past. It covers the influence of the break-up of the Soviet Union and brings occasions as much as Finland's admission to the ecu Union in 1995.

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Although he relinquished the governor-generalship between 1640 and 1648, he maintained his links with Finland during the interregnum, and continued to draw rents from 1,000 farms. He served for over 30 years as Chancellor of the university which he helped to found at Turku. During his second period of office, from 1648 to 1654, when Ostrobothnia was included in his domain, he founded the city of Raahe (Brahestad). Brahe did much to encourage the use of the Finnish language and initiated a project to translate the whole of the Bible into Finnish and was responsible for the preparation of a Finnish grammar to be used by Swedish officials who would be posted to Finland.

However, Gustavus Adolphus soon embarked on the military expeditions in Germany which became part of what was later known as the Thirty Years War. To the burden of taxation, which bore heavily on the Finnish farmers, were added the imposition of conscription - which deprived many farms of their labour. When war broke out on the eastern frontier, the Finns bore the cost of quartering and supplying the troops stationed in the country, and suffered the destruction which ensued when fighting broke out on the soil of Finland.

His successor, Hans of Denmark, was unpopular amongst the nobles in Finland, not the least because of his alliance with Moscow as well as his attempts to remove the influence of Sten Sture. The Finns turned to the Swedish regents and 30 Finland and Sweden to their local lords for support against the Danish ruler, and a civil war broke out within the Scandinavian Union. The Danes raided the coasts of southern Finland, capturing the Aland Islands and desecrating Turku. During the early sixteenth century the effective ruler of Finland was Bielke, son of Erik Ture who, as lord of Viipuri, was responsible for the defence of the eastern frontier.

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A Short History of Finland by Fred Singleton

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