By Robin P. Fawcett
This ebook describes and evaluates substitute ways inside Systemic practical Linguistics (SFL) to representing the constitution of language on the point of shape. It assumes no past wisdom of SFL, and will hence be learn as an advent to present matters in the conception. it's going to curiosity any linguist who takes a sensible method of realizing language.
Part 1 summarizes the foremost advancements within the 40 years of SFL’s heritage, together with replacement ways inside of Halliday’s personal writings and the emergence of the “Cardiff Grammar” instead to the “Sydney Grammar”. It questions the theoretical prestige of the ‘multiple constitution’ representations in Halliday’s influential Introduction to useful Grammar (1994), demonstrating that Halliday’s version also wishes an integrating syntax equivalent to that defined partially 2.
Part 2 specifies and discusses the set of ‘categories’ and ‘relationships’ which are wanted in a thought of syntax for a contemporary, computer-implementable systemic practical grammar. The theoretical techniques are exemplified at each element, often from English yet sometimes from different languages.
The ebook is either a critique of Halliday’s present thought of syntax and the presentation of an alternate model of SFL that's both systemic and both useful.
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Additional info for A Theory of Syntax for Systemic Functional Linguistics
Thus, when a theory of language has demonstrated its value through its use in both the large-scale analysis of texts and in a large-scale, principled computer implementation for NLG and NLU, it has met three of the most demanding of all possible tests of a theory. As will be clear, the reason why the computer implementation of a theory of language is to be valued highly is that 6 INTRODUCTION responding to these challenges in a principled manner provides an extremely rigorous formal test of the theory's concepts.
Of 'word senses'), and (2) their relationships to the choices in the syntactically-realized part of the grammar to which they are related. See, for example, Fawcett (1987), (1980:151-4 and 217-20), (1994b) and (1997), 7. In creating and interpeting system networks, the concept of 'dependency' is in fact more fundamental than 'delicacy', as I have shown in Fawcett (1988b). It is quite widely assumed that systems that are realized in lexis are inherently more 'delicate' than systems that are realized in syntax, and that syntactically-realized systems are therefore never dependent on lexically-realized systems.
The major component of Penman is a computer model of Halliday's SF grammar; it incorporates minor modifications 7. It was Michael Halliday who first suggested the metaphor of 'the Cardiff dialect', 'the Nottingham dialect' etc, during the International Systemic Functional Congress held in Beijing in 1995. However, he has also suggested the metaphor of 'register variation' — originally for thinking about the differences between Martin's and Hasan's different approaches to genre and register. He calls the difference between those two models a "kind of variation in 'metaregister'", saying that this is "one of the ways in which systemic theory appears as a metaphor for language itself' (Halliday 1993:4507).
A Theory of Syntax for Systemic Functional Linguistics by Robin P. Fawcett