By Mohammed Yousaf
How did the horrendous scenario in Afghanistan, with all its implications for fresh occasions and the current time, come to go? What was once the function of the CIA and Pakistani intelligence within the production of what turned the Taliban? What are the results for the long run and classes from the previous for American forces today?
This hugely arguable publication finds one of many maximum army, political and fiscal secrets and techniques of modern occasions. it truly is not anything lower than the genuine, if amazing, account of ways Pakistan and the us covertly managed the most important guerrilla warfare of the twentieth Century, dealing to the Soviet Russian presence in Afghanistan an army defeat that has grow to be known as 'Russia's Vietnam'.
This compelling booklet, prepare with nice ability through the army writer, Mark Adkin, is key interpreting for an individual drawn to the reality at the back of the Soviets' Vietnam, and the explanations why, to at the present time, the battle in Afghanistan nonetheless drags on regardless of the victory that the Mujahideen have been denied whilst the Soviets withdrew. ?
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Extra resources for Afghanistan: The Bear Trap: The Defeat of a Superpower
From Kabul other routes led forward to the limbs of the Soviet forces. Highway 1 led south to Ghazni, and then to Kandahar 500 kilometres away to the SW. Route 157 went due south to the garrison at Gardez 120 kilometres away, and the eastern arm of Highway l led to Jalalabad, and thence to Peshawar via the Khyber Pass. Each of these roads was important. If they were cut it was painful, and possibly incapacitating for a while, but it was not fatal. In the west the secondary base around Kushka fed the forces at Herat and Shindand.
Each Commander had his own base, usually in the remoter mountain valleys, within or near small village communities, from which he received reinforcements, food, shelter and sometimes money. As each of the 325 districts had at least one local base, the total in the whole jumbled network could have been up to 4000. But bases, vital though they were, are static, and the Mujahideen were reluctant to move away to operate against a more important target. For months at a time the Mujahideen in remote areas were not involved in any fighting, then perhaps came a sudden flare-up of violence.
As was explained to me, the Soviet fixed-wing aircraft were being used to attack villages which might be serving as Mujahideen bases. Close air support, that is attacking guerrillas in contact with communist ground troops, was limited. This task was invariably given to helicopter gunships rather than fighter-bombers. Heavy use of bombing in localized areas was a common way of exacting reprisals after a successful guerrilla ambush. Indiscriminate bombing was causing great destruction of villages and inflicting hundreds of civilian casualties.
Afghanistan: The Bear Trap: The Defeat of a Superpower by Mohammed Yousaf