By G. J. Persley, Reginald MacIntyre
Following on from past titles during this sequence, this quantity provides extra fabric generated via the realm Bank/ISNAR/Australian executive biotechnology study.It covers the current prestige and destiny clients for the appliance of biotechnology to resolve agricultural and environmental difficulties in a few constructing nations. specific concentration is given directly to advancements that experience taken position over the past decade.
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Additional resources for Agricultural biotechnology: country case studies : a decade of development
A number of applications of biotechnology are being used in Asia, Africa and Latin America to address specific problems in crop and livestock production, fisheries and forestry. 4). g. banana, potato, sweet potato), new varieties of rice and maize selected using molecular markers for drought and salinity tolerance, and transgenic varieties of selected crops. The most commercially widespread of the new transgenic crops are cotton varieties containing one or more genes from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) for insect resistance.
Some of the problems and constraints identified include: lack of aware- Global Challenges and Emerging Science 21 ness of the benefits and risks associated with modern biotechnology; lack of capacity in some countries to deal with assessing these benefits and risks and in regulating the use of modern biotechnology; high investment costs associated with biotechnological innovations; and increasing concerns being expressed in the media about the potential negative impacts of biotechnology and the need for public awareness of the issues.
Work is now concentrated on chickpea, rice and cotton, where there is some private-sector investment. Field evaluation of LMOs is hampered by lack of biosafety regulations. The government controls field testing, multiplication, distribution and biosafety issues. The country lacks policy and regulations regarding IPR and patents involving biotechnology (see Zafar, this volume). The Philippines began their biotechnology programmes in 1980 with the creation of the National Institutes of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, with a focus on agricultural biotechnology.
Agricultural biotechnology: country case studies : a decade of development by G. J. Persley, Reginald MacIntyre