Download e-book for iPad: Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The by Rijk

By Rijk

ISBN-10: 9004124675

ISBN-13: 9789004124677

This learn intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the chronic misinterpretation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity, released individually (ISBN: 90-04-12324-5), Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. This moment quantity offers Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar international, and can pay detailed consciousness to his technique of argument in mild of his semantic perspectives. This booklet is aimed toward all these drawn to historical and Medieval Philosophy, the background of common sense and semantics, and the improvement of metaphysics, in addition to classical philologists and theologians.

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Extra info for Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua)

Example text

40715"20. g. in a play), "since the absolutely non-existent is u n c o u n t a b l e " . Kirwan's failure to recognize the nature o f metaphysical 'being' by continuously blurring it with actual existence seems to lead h i m further into the woods when he starts to c o n f o u n d metaphysics with mathematics in associating metaphysical oneness with arithmetical unity a n d counting. 8 4 W h a t exactly metaphysical oneness is is explained once m o r e in the lines 1003b32-33 ("Further the ousia o f each particular is o n e non-coincidentally, a n d similarly is what precisely a thing is") : it is the characteristic o f a thing's essence.

4, 1027b27, Θ 10, and An. III, 6. In EE I 8, transcendent good and its convertibility with transcendent 'be' are discussed. 35. e. qua be-ing. T h e whole of ch. 2 and part of ch. 3 (up to 1005b8) deal with the status and the universal claims of this discipline as the single one covering all the relevant aspects of being as such. T h e remainder of ch. 3, and chs. 48 extensively discuss the two most f u n d a m e n t a l axioms, the law of non-contradiction (LNC) and the law of excluded middle (LEM), the discussion of which is regarded as an integral part of the discipline of metaphysics.

As to Aristotle's speaking in the parenthesis of ' o n e by serial succession' (Γ 2, 1 0 0 5 a l 0 - l l ) , there is an interesting passage of the Politico which can throw some light on what Aristotle may have had in mind when he used this expression. This passage is concerned with the exact identity of things that have a successive nature, such as rivers and cities: Pol. Ill 3, 1276a34-bl: Shall we say that as long as the race of inhabitants, as well as their place and abode, remain the same, the city is also the same, although the citizens are always dying and being born, in the same way as we call rivers and fountains the same, although the water is always flowing away and coming again?

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Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua) by Rijk

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