By A. S. Oberai
Little or no is presently identified concerning the demographic influence of such a lot improvement tasks and the ways that this effect will be assessed. This e-book, in line with stories in 3rd global nations, makes a speciality of conceptual, methodological and coverage concerns in its assessment of the demographic effect of improvement initiatives. the writer examines even if demographic results could be assessed and why improvement planners can be attracted to the implications. A.S. Oberai examines to what quantity financial and social levels generated by means of particular improvement interventions have motivated demographic habit in a selected context. He indicates how wanted results should be improved and bad results minimized via policy-makers and planners in constructing nations with a purpose to take care of difficulties of inhabitants progress and its distribution. the foremost shortcomings of present methodologies are pointed out and destiny instructions which examine may take are defined. The learn relies on a synthesis of kingdom reviews reviewing the demographic effect of improvement tasks conducted in Bangladesh, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. it is usually analyses of the demographic effect of improvement interventions in numerous different nations reminiscent of Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, and Nigeria. released for the overseas Labour company
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Additional resources for Assessing the Demographic Impact of Development Projects: Conceptual, Methodological and Policy Issues
The interpretation given to those findings that do emerge is therefore largely ad hoc in nature. Conceptual questions may be raised as to the causal direction of the effect—that is, whether those with larger holdings have higher fertility, or those with high fertility are able to acquire more land. Most observers agree that the evidence on the relationship between land ownership and fertility is ambiguous since research studies which relate landholdings to fertility do not generally distinguish between the size of holdings to which the household has access for cultivation and the amount of land that is owned.
Farm households with access to larger holdings usually have greater labour requirements. They are 50 The demographic impact of development projects therefore able to employ profitably more family labour. This in turn encourages continued high fertility. Land ownership, on the other hand, can have a negative longterm effect on fertility, operating through the income returns to equity and the resulting increase in old-age security. Land ownership can guarantee an income beyond the period during which an individual is able to work and/or manage an agricultural operation.
An irrigation system can also reduce the element of uncertainty related to agricultural production in areas which otherwise have to depend on rainwater. In addition, the construction of irrigation projects is often tied to electrification, which, combined with higher income from increased agricultural production, may generate new agricultural technologies and transfer of resources to non-agricultural activities (Kocher, 1973). An increase in income and reduced uncertainty about it can affect both migration and fertility.
Assessing the Demographic Impact of Development Projects: Conceptual, Methodological and Policy Issues by A. S. Oberai