By Barbara Dancygier
This e-book deals a brand new and in-depth research of English conditional sentences. Dancygier classifies conditional structures based on time-reference and modality. She exhibits how the fundamental that means parameters of conditionality correlate to formal parameters of the linguistic structures which are used to precise them. inquisitive about English, the learn additionally offers a framework that may be prolonged to a huge diversity of grammatical phenomena in lots of different languages.
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Additional resources for Conditionals and Prediction: Time, Knowledge and Causation in Conditional Constructions
For example, a sentence such as In that movie, Clint Eastwood is a villain, the expression in that movie sets up a “movie” space, embedded in the reality space, and the two spaces are connected by pragmatic connectors going from actors to characters they represent. This allows the name of an actor to be used to refer to a character played by that actor. 2 Basic parameters of conditionality 21 ical space, domain of activity. A specific type of mental space, however, is also built by linguistic expressions such as if: in this case, if p structures a mental space in which q holds as well.
It seems, then, that the distinction resembles the one within the descriptive approaches in being motivated by hypotheticality of some conditionals, but non-hypothetical ones are further divided on the basis of other criteria. More recent philosophical and logical writings have concentrated, broadly speaking, on the truth values of conditionals and their constituent clauses (for example Chisholm 1949, Anderson 1951, Downing 1959, Stalnaker 1968, Lewis 1973, 1981, Harper, Stalnaker, and Pearce 1981, Ellis 1984, Jackson 1987, 1991).
But this approach has evident limitations. First of all, “open” forms are not uniform in their treatment of time. g. ). 34 (18) (19) Prediction and distance If he won’t arrive before nine, there is no point in ordering for him. If he doesn’t arrive before nine, we’ll have the meal without him. Both (18) and (19) have protases referring to the future, but (19) is a more common version of expressing futurity in a conditional construction. ” The second problem is that we ought to be able to account for the difference in uses of the same tense.
Conditionals and Prediction: Time, Knowledge and Causation in Conditional Constructions by Barbara Dancygier