By Francois Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic, Neftali Villanueva
This quantity brings jointly unique papers by way of linguists and philosophers at the function of context and viewpoint in language and idea. numerous contributions are enthusiastic about the contextualism/relativism debate, which has loomed huge in fresh philosophical discussions. In a considerable creation, the editors survey the sphere and map out the proper matters and positions.
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Extra resources for Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity
Secondary tension: Cognitive significance and tacit reference fixing Another tension between the uses of the idea of unarticulated constituents is related to the question of whether or not unarticulated constituents are explanatorily relevant with regard to the cognitive significance of thoughts and utterances. , the view that there is thought without representation, is a form of content externalism. 17 Or, to put it terms of switching instead of doppelgangers, if we could switch Bert back forth between Palo Alto and Murdock without his knowing it, he could think different it is raining concerning-contents without his being cognizant of doing so.
So, here we have another reason for supposing that the notions (and ideas) tacitly referred to by Unarticulated tension 35 utterances of belief reports must be articulated in the meta-beliefs expressed by such utterances. For given the lack of “external guarantees” that determine what the unarticulated constituents are, there is nothing other than the beliefs and intentions of the speaker that could determine which notions and are ideas are tacitly referred to by the utterance. In summary then, there is a significant difference between, on the one hand, the (1986) thought and language uses of unarticulated constituents, and, on the other hand, the (1989) belief report use.
So, for example, the reason that the concerning-content of Perry’s son’s utterance of “It is raining” and the belief thereby expressed have Palo Alto as an unarticulated constituent is that Perry’s son is located in Palo Alto when he perceives the rain, formulates the belief, and performs the utterance. That all of these events occur in Palo Alto is the “external guarantee” that fixes Palo Alto, as opposed to Murdock or some other location, as an unarticulated constituent of the concerning-content of both the thought and the utterance.
Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity by Francois Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic, Neftali Villanueva