By Maj-Britt Mosegaard Hansen, Jacqueline Visconti
The point of interest of this quantity is on semantic and pragmatic switch, its factors and mechanisms. The papers accumulated right here provide either theoretical proposals of extra normal scope and in-depth reviews of language-specific circumstances of that means switch specifically notional domain names. The analyses comprise info from English, numerous Romance languages, German, Scandinavian languages, and Oceanic languages. particular case-studies masking valuable semantic domain names, akin to concession, evidentiality, intensification, modality, negation, scalarity, subjectivity, and temporality, let the authors to check and refine present types of semantic switch, via focusing, for example, at the respective roles of audio system and hearers within the strategy and at the dating among semantic and syntactic reanalysis. Key theoretical notions, resembling presuppositions, paradigms, be aware order, and discourse prestige are revisited in a diachronic standpoint to supply leading edge money owed of explanations and motivations for linguistic alterations. A fashionable topic is the evolution of procedural meanings of assorted types. hence, numerous papers characteristic forms of pragmatic markers as their item of analysis, whereas others are thinking about goods and buildings expressing modality, evidentiality, negation, and relational meanings. heavily comparable issues are: the interface among semantics and pragmatics/discourse, with figurative makes use of of language, rhetorical-argumentational suggestions, discourse traditions, info constitution, and the significance of dialogic contexts in swap enjoying a salient function in numerous papers; the connection among that means switch and strategies similar to grammaticalization, subjectification and pragmaticalization; and, the thorny factor of the categorization of linguistic goods reminiscent of discourse markers or modal debris, evidentials or epistemic modals, to which the diachronic information are proven to give a contribution considerably. the amount can be of curiosity to graduate scholars and researchers within the fields of semantics, pragmatics, discourse research, grammaticalization, and ancient linguistics.
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The focal point of this quantity is on semantic and pragmatic switch, its reasons and mechanisms. The papers accrued the following provide either theoretical proposals of extra basic scope and in-depth reviews of language-specific instances of that means switch specifically notional domain names. The analyses contain info from English, numerous Romance languages, German, Scandinavian languages, and Oceanic languages.
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Extra info for Current Trends in Diachronic Semantics and Pragmatics
HOW DO DISCOURSE MARKERS ARISE? SPANISH BIEN In the literature on the synchronic function of bien in contemporary Spanish, this discourse marker is often treated jointly with its near-synonym bueno (see Garce´s Go´mez, 1996; Martı´n 1 However, French has two discourse markers, bon and ben, of which bon in particular shares certain features with Spanish bien and bueno. Ben is sometimes considered a phonologically eroded variant of bien (Dostie, 2004). As its function is highly speciﬁc in Modern Standard French (see Hansen, 1995, 1998a), there is no functional overlap with the adverb bien.
Be 100 years old is not usually something that one can be with more or less intensity. Either the speaker was unaware of the problem and erroneously chose fast instead of the qualiﬁer that expresses what he actually had had in mind. Or the speaker indeed conceptualized the property be 100 years old as gradable; perhaps thinking of degrees of senility, or wisdom, or poise. The reader will notice the problem: very much presupposes a gradable property, but be 100 years old isn’t one. The required mental search for a way in which be 100 years old could possibly be conceived of as gradable is what makes (17) hard to process: it creates the pragmatic overload for the utterance in (17).
APO, AND THE CHARITABLE HEARER The examples in Section 4 illustrate how an utterance can create a pragmatic overload: The utterance under a conservative interpretation will trigger presuppositions that the hearer can not easily accommodate or refute. The hearer has three options: S/he can (a) be uncharitable and refuse to interpret the utterance at all, or (b) face the pragmatic overload and attempt to reconceptualize the world such that the presupposition makes sense and is consistent, or (c) hypothesize a new meaning for parts of the utterance, notably the item that gave rise to the problematic presupposition.
Current Trends in Diachronic Semantics and Pragmatics by Maj-Britt Mosegaard Hansen, Jacqueline Visconti