By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on National Statistics, Panel on Modernizing the Infrastructure of the National Science Foundation Federal Funds Survey
Surveys of the nationwide technological know-how Foundation's department of technology assets records (SRS) supply the most major info to be had to appreciate examine and improvement spending and coverage within the usa. those are the Survey of Federal cash for learn and improvement and the Survey of Federal technology and Engineering aid to Universities, faculties, and Nonprofit associations. those surveys aid achieve conclusions approximately primary coverage questions, reminiscent of no matter if a given box of analysis is satisfactorily funded, no matter if investment is balanced between fields, and even if deficiencies in investment will be contributing to a lack of U.S. medical or fiscal competitiveness. even if, the survey information are of inadequate caliber and timeliness to help the various calls for wear them. furthermore the surveys are more and more tough to behavior in instances of restricted assets, and their technological, procedural, and conceptual infrastructure has now not been modernized for strategy or content material. info on Federal examine and improvement Investments studies the makes use of and selection of info on federal cash and federal help for technology and know-how and recommends destiny instructions for this system in keeping with an overview of those makes use of and the adequacy of the surveys. The publication additionally considers the type constitution, or taxonomy, for the fields of technology and engineering.
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Extra info for Data on Federal Research and Development Investments: A Pathway to Modernization
New technologies of molecular imaging, nanomedicine, and bioinformatics are prominent in the life sciences. New tools of quantitative and computer-assisted mathematical analysis and advanced computing power are also facilitating the sharing of large quantities data across disciplinary boundaries in areas as diverse as medicine and the geosciences (National Institutes of Health, 2009). The implications may not merely be technical. In the journal Science, Alan Leshner observed that “new technologies are driving scientific advances as much as the other way around,” allowing new approaches to older questions and posing new ones (Leshner, 2004, p.
So do relations with the intersecting fields of genetics, behavior, and society; behavioral and cognitive neurosciences; psychiatry; health; gender studies; religious studies; expressive forms; environmental/ecological sciences and technology studies; area and interÂ�national studies; and urban studies, planning, and public policy. Strict assignment to one category of inquiry or another would vary accordÂ�ing to the criteria used (Smelser, 2003). c. category of the federal funds survey. ” It also fails to discriminate multidisciplinary juxtapositions of different disciplinary approaches from interdisciplinary approaches that integrate separate disciplinary data, methods, tools, concepts, and theories, as well as comprehensive transdisciplinary frameworks that posit a new conceptual synthesis or theoretical framework (Klein, 2009).
In the journal Science, Alan Leshner observed that “new technologies are driving scientific advances as much as the other way around,” allowing new approaches to older questions and posing new ones (Leshner, 2004, p. 729). The Fluid Boundaries of Traditional Disciplines In addition to the challenge of interdisciplinary research, the changing nature of disciplines has contributed to making the 1978-era taxonomy less 24 DATA ON FEDERAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENTS relevant to today’s world.
Data on Federal Research and Development Investments: A Pathway to Modernization by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on National Statistics, Panel on Modernizing the Infrastructure of the National Science Foundation Federal Funds Survey