By Claire Lefebvre
The content material of this publication is worried with a number of matters at stake in Creole reviews which are additionally of curiosity for normal linguistics. those comprise the final factor of Creole genesis and of the sped up linguistic switch that characterizes the emergence of those languages compared to boring instances of linguistic switch, the matter of the advance of morphology in incipient Creoles, the matter of the validity of information in linguistic research, the problem of multifunctionality as regards the concept that of lexical access, the query of even if Creole languages are semantically extra obvious than languages now not referred to as Creoles, the problem of even if Creole languages represent a typologically identifiable classification and the matter of the interplay among the techniques considering the emergence and improvement of Creole languages. the aim of this e-book is to offer the most important debates which are at present happening within the box of Creole reports; overview the arguments opposed to info (mainly drawn from Haitian Creole); and handle the problems at stake in the framework of recent paradigms. a number of the positions on each one factor are summarized at the foundation of a radical assessment of the literature.
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Extra info for Issues In The Study Of Pidgin And Creole Languages. (Studies in Language Companion)
Carden and Stewart 1988; Lefebvre 1984; Lefebvre and Lumsden 1989, 1992; Mufwene 1991). In the scenario of creole genesis developed during the 1989-1994 UQAM project, it is hypothesised that, because speakers of the substratum languages have very limited access to the superstratum data, they typically fail to identify the functional categories of the superstratum language, 17 Creoles which less resemble their superstratum languages are referred to as radical creoles. 32 ISSUES IN THE STUDY OF PIDGIN AND CREOLE LANGUAGES These speakers thus try to relexify the functional items of their native languages on the basis of forms found in the superstratum language.
Instead, they show very clearly that the creators of Haitian, and presumably of other PCs, were exposed to the superstratum functional categories, but that they did not identify them as such because they did not have enough exposure to the superstratum language. 2 The theory of creoles as 'nativised pidgins ' The idea that creole languages are nativised pidgins emerged during the late sixties and developed in the seventies. In this approach, a pidgin language is no one's first language. It is a reduced language variety serving as a lingua franca in a multilingual community.
Similarly, the phonetic form of the Spanish verb tener 'to have, to hold' was used to replace the Quechua verb chari- 'to have' yielding the Media Lengua verb tini- 'to have' (see Muysken 1988c). The above examples show that, although there is some overlap in the semantics of the verbs that are associated in the replacement, the semantics of the new Media Lengua verbs follows the details of Quechua rather than those of the Spanish lexical entries. What is the process that produces lexical entries having the division of properties of the type described above?
Issues In The Study Of Pidgin And Creole Languages. (Studies in Language Companion) by Claire Lefebvre