By Rickie Solinger
Over the last hundred years, inhabitants coverage has been a strong tactic for reaching nationwide objectives. no matter if the focal point has been on expanding the delivery fee to undertaking energy and advertise nation-building—as in Brazil within the Sixties, the place the army govt insisted "powerful kingdom intended a populous nation," — or on proscribing inhabitants via birth control and sterilization as a method of combatting overpopulation, poverty, and numerous different social ills, states have continually used women's our bodies as a political source.
In Reproductive States, a gaggle of overseas scholars—specialists in inhabitants and reproductive politics of Japan, Germany, India, Egypt, Nigeria, China, Brazil, the Soviet Union/Russia, and the United States—explore the inhabitants politics, guidelines and practices followed in those international locations and provide reflections at the results of these regulations and their legacies. The essays during this quantity specialize in the context that inspired countries to improve demographic imperatives relating to inhabitants dimension and "quality," and view how these imperatives grew to become detailed units of priorities and techniques. additionally they light up how those international locations crafted their very own regulations and practices, usually whereas responding to United countries- and united states- pushed inhabitants targets, strategies, and interventions.
The worldwide standpoint of this quantity shines gentle on nationwide specificities, together with swap over the years inside of a kingdom, whereas additionally taking pictures interconnections between quite a few nationwide politics and discourses, together with evolving buildings of the foremost and complicated notion of "overpopulation."
The first quantity to survey inhabitants guidelines from key international locations on 5 continents and to interweave gender politics, reproductive rights, statecraft, and international platforms, Reproductive States may be an important paintings for students of anthropology, girls and gender experiences, feminist thought, and biopolitics.
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During the last hundred years, inhabitants coverage has been a robust tactic for reaching nationwide objectives. no matter if the focal point has been on expanding the beginning cost to venture energy and advertise nation-building—as in Brazil within the Sixties, the place the army govt insisted "powerful country intended a populous nation," — or on proscribing inhabitants via birth control and sterilization as a way of combatting overpopulation, poverty, and numerous different social ills, states have continuously used women's our bodies as a political source.
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Additional info for Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy
Quoted in Connelly, Fatal Misconception, 213. 26. Takeshita, Politics of the IUD, 43. 27. Betsy Hartmann, Reproductive Rights and Wrongs: The Global Politics of Population Control (Boston: South End Press, 1995), 37. 28. Sonia Corrêa, Margareth Arilha, and Maísa Faleiros da Cunha, “Reproductive Statecraft: The Case of Brazil,” in this volume. Introduction 29 29. Takeshita, Politics of the IUD, 43. 30. Gutiérrez, Fertile Matters: The Politics of Mexican-Origin Women’s Reproduction (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2008).
15. Firoozeh Kashani-Sabet, “Iran’s Population Policies: A Historical Debate,” in this volume; White, “China’s Population Policy”; Rickie Solinger, “Bleeding across Time: First Principles of US Population Policy,” in this volume. On the impact of computers on population control strategy, see Jeffrey C. Alexander, “Improving Quality of Life, by Limiting Its Quantity, Is Population Center Goal,” Harvard Crimson, March 13, 1966. 17. David G. 2. 18. See “The World’s Biggest Problem—How Experts See It,” US News and World Report, October 4, 1965, for typical language about “an exploding world”; Connelly, Fatal Misconception, 338; also see Matthew Connelly, “The Cold War in Longue Durée: Global Migration, Public Health, and Population Control,” in The Cambridge History of the Cold War, ed.
6. : Cornell University Press, 2000). 7. : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2008). This is a very helpful volume; we relied on parts of it to prepare this introduction and for editorial tasks generally, throughout. 8. Connelly, Fatal Misconception, 5–8. 9. Connelly, Fatal Misconception, 251, 378. 10. Kingsley Davis,“The Political Impact of New Population Trends,” Foreign Affairs, January 1958, 293–301; Connelly, Fatal Misconception, 87. 28 Introduction 11. Davis, “Overpopulated America,” in The American Population Debate, ed.
Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy by Rickie Solinger